Land Use and Demographic change in Haryana:A Spatio-Temporal Study
Area
Change detection, GIS, Land use/Land cover, Agricultural , Non- Agricultural
Author
Ruchi, Assistant Professor, Department of Arts
Edition
Volume 2 Issue 1
Org/Univ
G.V.M Girls College, Sonipat

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Land use and land cover generally infers to some type of development with impacts such as loss of agricultural land, open space, and ecologically sensitive habitats. Present paper entitled Land Use and Land Cover Mapping and Change Detection in Haryana Using Multi-Temporal Satellite Data‖ adequately demonstrates the utility of Remote Sensing and GIS to detect and record the Land use and Land cover of the area and its changes through time The present paper is an attempt to analyses the changes that have taken place in land use pattern in Haryana from 1966-69, 1990-93 and 2010-13. The study is based on secondary data; data has been taken from statistical abstract of Haryana. The study reveals that marginal changes have occurred in all land use categories except proportion of area under forest it has drastically declined from 2.08 percent in 1966-69 to 0.9 percent in 2010-13. Net sown area is increased in 1966-69 to 1990-93 but in 1990-93 to 2010-13 net sown area is same proportion. Area under non-agricultural uses has recorded positive change it has increased from 5.92 percent in 1966-69 to 11.93 percent in 2010-13. The agriculture land covering an area of about 55.27% in 2007 reduced to 43.42% in 2017. The built up area increased from 15.97 % in 2007 to 30.23 in 2017. The barren land area increased from 6.45 % in 2007 to 16.97 in 2017 The Water bodies decreased from 4.65 % in 2007 to 1.05 % in 2017. The vegetation area has also decreased from 17.66 % in 2007 to 8.33 % in 2017. Urban extension and various anthropogenic exercises have brought genuine misfortunes of agricultural land, vegetation and water bodies

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Revised Population Policy in India
Area
Population, policy, India, five year plan
Author
Ruchi, Assistant Professor, Department of Arts
Edition
Volume 2 Issue 1
Org/Univ
G.V.M Girls College, Sonipat

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The paper reviews the population policy and programme at national level since its inception. It brings forward the achievements as well as shortcomings of the policies and programmes and goes on to show how despite the abolition of 'target approach' the programmes still have the same orientation. The National Population Policy states that the objective of economic and social development is to improve the quality of lives. India is the second most populous country of the world after China, with more than a billion persons according to preliminary results of the 2011 Census, India counted 1.21 billion people, first initiates government policy of promoting a family planning programme in 1952. In present paper researcher explains population policies in India before or after independent, and also discuss on status of population policies in five year plans. Currently the National Population Policy, 2000 recognizes that the most effective development policies are those which are socially just and focus on the well-being of all people.

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Water Crisis in Haryana
Area
Department of Arts
Author
Khushi
Edition
Volume 2 Issue 1
Org/Univ
G.V.M Girls College, Sonipat

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Haryana, an agricultural state of India, is facing a severe water crisis due to lesser annual rainfall than normal (700 mm) since 1998. Further, Haryana is not getting adequate amount of river water due to political reasons like Indus treaty, damming and diversion of river water, water conflict with Haryana, Rajasthan, and central government. However, the irrigation water demand (4.45 m ham) is significantly more than total irrigation water availability (3.04 m ham). Hence, in most parts of the Haryana state, groundwater is being overexploited for irrigational purpose. Apart from this water scarcity or depletion problem, water quality is also being deteriorated and not suitable for drinking purpose. Basic groundwater parameters such as salinity, electrical conductivity (EC), chloride (Cl−), and nitrate (NO3−) have surpassed the maximum permissible limit in most of the parts of this state. Even toxic heavy metals [like selenium, uranium, arsenic, and lead] and pesticides have also been reported in groundwater samples of several regions of Haryana. Intake of this heavy metals and pesticides contaminated water is affecting the health of native people. The condition of groundwater depletion and quality deterioration is most severe in Malwa region of Haryana. The poor water quality and presence of toxic heavy metal may be linked with the prevailing health issues in this region. Government is taking several initiatives regarding this issue and passed the Haryana Preservation of Sub-Soil Water Act (2009). Government is also providing subsidy to individual farmer to lay down underground pipeline, drip and sprinklers systems for irrigation. Additionally, government is promoting and appreciating preventive measures like watershed management and rainwater harvesting

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Inter-State Water Disputes
Area
Department of Arts
Author
Khushi
Edition
Volume 2 Issue 1
Org/Univ
G.V.M Girls College, Sonipat

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— In this paper we argue that Indian water-dispute settlement mechanisms are ambiguous and opaque. We distinguish analytically between situations where cooperation is possible, and situations of pure conflict, where the initial allocation of rights is at stake. In the latter case, a search for a negotiated solution may be futile, and quick movement to arbitration or adjudication may be more efficient. However, in India, the process is slow, and effectively binding arbitration does not exist. The entanglement of inter-state water disputes with more general center-state conflicts and political issues compounds problems. We argue that these impacts can be reduced by a more efficient design of mechanisms for negotiating inter-state water disputes: some of the possibilities include a national water commission independent of daily political pressures, a federated structure incorporating river basin authorities and water user associations, and fixed time periods for negotiation and adjudication.

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Efficient Energy Management in Wireless Sensor Network
Area
Wireless Sensor Networks
Author
Pratishtha Gupta, Sangeeta
Edition
Volume 2 Issue 1
Org/Univ
SGI, Samlkha

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— In our work, we have to study the impact of heterogeneity of nodes, in terms of their energy, in wireless sensor networks that are hierarchically clustered. In these networks some of the nodes become cluster heads, aggregate the data of their cluster members and transmit it to the sink. It is assumed that a percentage of the population of sensor nodes is equipped with additional energy resources this is a source of heterogeneity which may result from the initial setting or as the operation of the network evolves. In our LEACH MAC protocols applied to heterogeneous network .Efficiency is improved as compare to traditional leach process

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Efficient Routing for Energy Harvesting in Wireless Sensing Networks: A Review
Area
Wireless Sensor Networks
Author
Pratishtha Gupta, Sangeeta
Edition
Volume 2 Issue 1
Org/Univ
SGI, Samlkha

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WSNs have made possible real-time data aggregation and analysis on an unprecedented scale. Naturally, they have attracted attention and garnered widespread appeal towards applications in diverse areas including disaster warning systems, environment monitoring, health care, safety and strategic areas such as defense reconnaissance, surveillance, and intruder detection. In case of nuclear power plant if any small delay occurs for data forwarding due to any node failure may results in severe disaster. Hence effective Topology Control is required to obtain an energy efficient sensor network even if any node fails. An energy efficient topology control using hybrid bio inspired algorithm based cluster head selection is presented in this work. Keywords — Clustering in Wireless sensor network (WSN), Cluster, Energy Efficient.

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Efficient Density and Map-reduce Based Clustering Algorithm for Big Data
Area
Computer Science
Author
Ravindra Saini, Kapil Saini
Edition
Volume 2 Issue 1
Org/Univ
GEC, Panipat

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Distributed data mining is more efficient, scalable and performance is better than the central data mining techniques as compared to central data mining clustering techniques. Incremental DBSCAN algorithm is better than any other modified version of the DBSCAN. The Incremental DBSCAN gives better performance in terms of run time complexity when run in a distributed environment. Using Map Reduce platform, we can reduce performance evolution time and also maximize the fault tolerance. The proposed DBSCAN algorithm has minimum training Error and is a factor of 2x faster than the existing cludoop algorithm. The shuffling mechanism can indeed improve both efficiency in forming accurate clusters and speedup the clustering process this has been validated in this work.

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